Arthritis is a common condition causing pain, swelling and stiffness to the joints.
The condition is lifelong and there is no direct cure, but adding certain vitamins, minerals and nutrients to your diet can help soothe symptoms.
Arthritis can seem worse during the winter as the weather turns colder and the joints are exposed to harsher conditions.
Add these four foods to your diet this Christmas to help relieve the pain and symptoms associated with arthritis.
Dark green leafy veg
Green, leafy vegetables such as broccoli, spinach, Brussels sprouts and kale are rich in vitamins A, C, and K – antioxidants which protect against cell damage.
They are also high in calcium, which helps keep bones strong, while some contain a compound called sulforaphane, which blocks inflammation.
Red and orange vegetables
Sweet potatoes, carrots, red peppers and squash get their bright colours from carotenoids like beta-cryptoxanthin, and also contain antioxidants.
Beta-cryptoxanthin has been shown to reduce the risk of some inflammatory conditions in some studies.
“Vegetables are rich in antioxidants and other nutrients that protect against cell damage and lower inflammation throughout the body, including in your joints,” said the Arthritis Foundation.
Grapes contain a compound called resveratrol, which is a potent anti-inflammatory.
Studies have shown resveratrol acts on the same cellular targets as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Resveratrol is also the compound found in red wine which improves the function of blood vessels.
Cold-water fish include herring, mackerel, trout, salmon and tuna.
Cold-water fish are good for treating rheumatoid arthritis symptoms due to the strong anti-inflammatory properties of omega-3 fatty acids in fish oil.
According to the Arthritis Foundation, studies have shown fish oil can relieve tender joints and ease morning stiffness.
“As people get older, it’s common to experience joint discomfort. But what people eat can make a big difference to their joint health, and help to maintain a more active life,” said Polly Douglas, nutritional therapist at Nuffield Health.